recognizance [ri käg′ni zəns, rikän′izəns]
[ME reconissance < OFr reconaissance < reconnoisant, prp. of reconoistre < L recognoscere, to recall to mind < re-, again + cognoscere, to know: see COGNITION]
1. Law
a) an obligation of record entered into before a court or magistrate, binding a person to do or not do something, be in court at a certain time, etc.
b) a sum of money pledged and subject to forfeit if this obligation is not fulfilled
2. archaic var. of RECOGNITION
3. Obs. a symbol, token, or badge

English World dictionary. . 2014.